World Leaders Impeached

American President Andrew Johnson

Charge – fired War Secretary without US Congress approval.
Impeached in 1868.
But was acquitted in the US Senate trial as the prevailing sentiment was to protect the Office of the President.
Was not removed from the office.
Iranian President Abolhassan Banisadr
Charged with incompetence.
Struggled against Muslim clerics Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani and Ali Khamenei.
Was also against the idea of Iran keeping American hostages from US Embassy in Tehran.
Impeached in 1981.
Fled to France after his arrest was ordered on charges of conspiracy and treason.
Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello
Brazil’s first elected president after 3 decades.
Charged with corruption and influence peddling.
Impeached in 1992.
Replaced by Vice President.
Venezuelan President Carlos Andres Perez
Charged with corruption and embezzlement.
Impeached in 1993.
Placed under house arrest.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Charge – violation of the Constitution.
Charge – tried to dissolve the existing parliament.
Impeached in 1993.
Vice President was declared as President but Yeltsin retained his post.
Had military conflict with political rivals and finally the existing parliament was dissolved.
Russia adopted a new Constitution in Dec 1993.
2 other impeachment attempts against him, one more in 1993 and 1999, failed.
US President Bill Clinton
Charges – perjury and obstruction of justice.
Lied about an affair that he had in his office.
Impeached by the House of Representatives in 1998.
Acquitted in the US Senate trial.
Was not removed from the office.
Philippine President Joseph Estrada
Charged with corruption.
Acquitted from impeachment process in 2000.
But public outrage against his corruption forced him to resign.
Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori
“Permanent moral incapacity” – charged with committing war crimes and embezzling government funds.
Impeached in 2000.
Fled country, later arrested and extradited.
Indonesian President Abdurrahman Wahid
Was Indonesia’s first democratically elected President.
Charges – cronyism and corruption.
Wahid threatened to dissolve the parliament and declare a state of emergency.
Impeached in 2001.
Was replaced by the Vice-President.
Lithuanian President Rolandas Paksas
Charge that he violated Lithuanian Constitution.
Charge that he had ties with the Russian mob.  
Allegation that he gave illegal citizenship to Russian entrepreneur Yuri Borisov who reportedly donated for his campaign.
Impeached in 2004.
First European leader to be impeached and removed from office.
Paraguayan President Fernando Lugo
Elected in 2008, Paraguay’s first Left-wing President after 61 years of right-wing rule.
Blamed for unrest in the country.
Lugo called it a coup by right-wing controlled parliament.
Impeached in 2012.
Was removed from the office.
Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych
Charges – abusing power and rejecting the EU association agreement when the popular perception of distancing Ukraine from Russia.
Yanukovych fled to Russia
Was later impeached, in 2014.
Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff
First female president of Brazil, assumed office in 2011.
Charges – manipulated the government budget, was also linked with Petrobras scandal.
Impeached in 2016.
Was removed from the office.
South Korean President Park Geun-hye
First female president of South Korea, assumed office in 2013.
Charges – corruption and abuse of power.
Impeached in 2017.
Arrested and later imprisoned.
US President Donald Trump
Charges – abuse of power and obstruction of the Congress.
Impeached by the US House of Representatives on December 18, 2019.
The US Senate trial awaited to decide on his removal.

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